"McKanna takes to task Arizona Territory's justice system during the 1880û90s." ùTrue West
"A stark, sharply critical, and edifying look at the iniquities of false justice." ùMidwest Book Review
Though trials in open court suggest impartiality, White Justice in Arizona reveals how, time and again, the judicial system of nineteenth-century Arizona denied Apaches justice. The Captain Jack, Gonshayee, Apache Kid, ôCarlisle Kid,ö and Batdish murder cases offer a sad, compelling commentary on injustice for Native Americans.
That these trials all ended in Apache convictions, Clare V. McKanna Jr. argues, proves the unfairness of applying the American legal tradition to a culture that lived by very different social and legal codes. Conquered and forced from their lands by white outsiders, Apaches found their customs and methods of maintaining social control dramatically at odds with a new and completely alien legal system, a system that would not bend to integrate Apache or any other Native American culture.
Through case studies of these very different murder trials, White Justice in Arizona probes the federal and state governmentsÆ treatment of AmericaÆs indigenous populations and the cultural clashes that left justice the greatest
ôClare V. McKanna Jr. analyzes the matrix of race, criminal law, and justice in nineteenth-century Arizona and finds fair trial for Indians absent. This is an important book advancing our understanding of race and justice in the American West by one of our most insightful historians.ö ùGordon Morris Bakken, editor of Racial Encounters in the Multi-Cultural West